Table 2.

Comparison of staff and patients’ views

Median (interquartile range)
Questionnaire items1 Staff n=85 Patients n=38 P2
1.Likert scale (1=totally disagree, 5=totally agree)
2.Two-tailed Mann–Whitney test
Impact of in-patient illicit drug use
    Increases bonding among users 4 (2–4) 3 (1–4)
    Results in escalation of bullying 4 (4–5) 3 (2–5) P<0.001
    Increases hostility towards staff 4 (4–5) 3 (1–4.5) P<0.001
    Reduces engagement in treatment 5 (4–5) 3.5 (3–5) P<0.01
    Improves the ward atmosphere 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2)
The use of sniffer dogs
    Patient’s consent should be obtained 2 (1–3) 5 (1.5–5) P<0.001
    Is necessary to maintain a safe environment 4 (3–5) 4.5 (3–5)
    Is linked with punishment 3 (2–4) 4 (3–5) P<0.05
    Is associated with hazards 2 (1–3) 3 (2–5) P<0.01
    Impacts negatively on therapeutic alliance 3 (2–4) 3 (2–4.5)
Police involvement
    Breaches patient’s confidentiality 2 (1–3) 3.5 (2–5) P<0.001
    May be used to move patients from the unit 3 (2–4) 3 (3–5) P<0.01
    Has a deterrent effect 4 (3–5) 4 (2.5–5)
    Creates an atmosphere of fear 3 (2–4) 3.5 (3–5)
    Staff have a duty to report illicit drug use 5 (4–5) 5 (3–5) P<0.05