Table 1

Units of analysis included in this review

StudyJournalRunning headSubspecialty/grade
Sharma et al (2008)21Psycho-OncologyStress and burnout in colorectal and vascular surgical
consultants
Surgery/consultants
Ramirez et al (1996)22LancetMental health of hospital consultants: the effects of
stress and
Surgery, gastro, oncology,
radiology consultants
Wall et al (1997)23British Journal
of Psychiatry
Minor psychiatric disorder in NHS trust staff:
occupational
Non-specific
Ramirez et al (1995)24British Journal
of Cancer
Burnout and psychiatric disorder among cancer
clinicians
Oncology/consultants
Sharma et al (2007)25Colorectal DiseaseStress and burnout among colorectal surgeons andSurgery/consultants
Kapur et al (1999)26Family PracticeSources of job satisfaction and psychological
distress in
GP, medical house officer
Guthrie et al (1999)27BJPsych BulletinSources of stress, psychological distress and burnoutPsychiatry/non-specific
Benbow & Jolley (2002)28International
Journal of Geriatric
Psychiatry
Burnout and stress amongst old age psychiatristsPsychiatry/consultants
Orton et al (2012)29BMJ OpenDepersonalised doctors: a cross-sectional study of 564
doctors
GP
McManus et al (2002)30LancetThe causal links between stress and burnout in a
longitudinal study of UK
Non-specific
Kirwan & Armstrong
(1995)31
British Journal
of General Practice
Investigation of burnout in a sample of British general
practitioners
GP
Kapur et al (1998)32BMJPsychological morbidity and job satisfaction in hospital
consultants
Consultants/junior HO
Coomber et al (2002)33British Journal
of Anaesthesia
Stress in UK intensive care unit doctorsIntensive care/consultants
Applet on et al (1998)34British Journal
of General Practice
A survey of job satisfaction, sources of stress and
psychological
GP
Newbury-Birch & Kamali
(2001)35
Postgraduate Medical
Journal
Psychological stress, anxiety, depression, job satisfactionJunior HO
Cartwright et al (2002)36Journal of Clinical
Pathology
Workload and stress in consultant medical microbiolo-
gists
Microbiology/virology
consultants
Caplan (1994)37BMJStress, anxiety, and depression in hospital consultants,
general
Consultants
(non-specific), GP
Burbeck et al (2002)38Emergency Medicine
Journal
Occupational stress in consultants in accident and
emergency
Emergency medicine/
consultants
Soler et al (2008)39Family PracticeBurnout in European family doctors: the EGPRN studyGP
Bogg et al (2001)40Medical EducationTraining, job demands and mental health of pre-
registration
Pre-registration HO
Upton et al (2012)41SurgeryThe experience of burnout across different surgical
specialties
Surgery/consultants
Sochos & Bowers (2012)42The European Journal
of Psychiatry
Burnout, occupational stressors, and social support in
psychiatric
Psychiatry, medicine/
senior HO
McManus et al (2004)43BMC MedicineStress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are
determined
Non-specific
Paice et al (2002)44Medical EducationStressful incidents, stress and coping strategies in the
pre-registration
Pre-registration HO
Tattersall et al (1999)45Stress MedicineStress and coping in hospital doctorsNon-specific
McManus et al (2011)46BMC MedicineVocation and avocation: leisure activities correlate with
professional
Non-specific
Deary et al (1996)47British Journal
of Psychology
Models of job-related stress and personal achievement
among
Consultants
Thompson et al (2009)48The Clinical TeacherContemporary experience of stress in UK foundation
doctors
Foundation doctors
Berman et al (2007)49Clinical MedicineOccupational stress in palliative medicine, medical
oncology
Oncology and palliative
medicine registrars
Taylor et al (2005)50LancetChanges in mental health of UK hospital consultantsConsultants
  • GP, general practitioner; HO, house officer.